Chair of Computational Modeling and Simulation
TUM Department of Civil, Geo and Environmental Engineering
Technical University of Munich

FAUST - Simulation during construction

Integrating progress tracking and process simulation for improved prognoses of inner-city engineering projects

Project team leader André Borrmann
PhD students Maximilian Bügler M.Sc.
  Dipl.-Ing. Gergö Dori
Funding Bavarian Reserach Foundation
Research partners Institute for Materials Handling, Material Flow, Logistics (fml)
Industrial partners  BAUER AG
  illustrated architecture
  Max Bögl Bauservice GmbH & Co. KG
  OBERMEYER Planen + Beraten GmbH
  PPI-Informatik GmbH
  RIB Information Technologies AG
  Siemens AG
  SSF-Ingenieure AG
Related projects ForBAU - The Virtual Construction Site


Project description

The progress of construction sites is in many cases unexpectedly delayed by external influences, for instance weather, changes in the client's wishes or problems with residents. This may cause changes in the construction cycle. The detailed initial plans become invalid and it is required to immediately develop new plans taking the new circumstances into account.

Therefore this project will create the possibility to support this planning effort by a simulation of the progress of urban underground construction sites. This will provide a better knowledge base aiding the planning decissions. Compared to a-priori simulations it is required to capture the current state of the construction process. Furthermore the local cirumstances, like availibility of ressources, time and space, need to be taken into account. In order to be able to communicate the results of the simulations to everyone involved and detect possible planning errors, an additional mobile virtual reality (VR) system will be developed to visualize parts of the 4D-process. This research project is aiming to support urban underground construction projects by using innovative technologies and adapting the construction plan based on data obtained from the current state of the site.


Calculation of excavated volume using photogrammetry.


Calculation of excavated volume using photogrammetry while using video cameras to determine causes for delays.



▪  Kargul, A.; Günthner, W. A.; Bügler, M.; Borrmann, A.:
Web based field data analysis and data-driven simulation application for construction performance prediction
Journal of Information Technology in Construction 20, pp. 479-494, 2015

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▪  Bügler, M.; Borrmann, A.:
Simulation Based Construction Project Schedule Optimization: An Overview on the State-of-the-Art
In: Miranda, F.; Abreu, C. (Eds): Handbook of Research on Computational Simulation and Modeling in Engineering, IGI Global, 2015

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▪  Bügler, M.; Ongunmakin, G.; Teizer, J.; Vela, P. A.; Borrmann, A.:
A Comprehensive Methodology for Vision-Based Progress and Activity Estimation of Excavation Processes for Productivity Assessment
In: Proc. of the EG-ICE Workshop on Intelligent Computing in Engineering, Cardiff, Wales, 2014

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▪  Bügler, M.; Borrmann, A.:
Using Swap-Based Search Trees to obtain Solutions for Resource Constrained Project Scheduling Problems
In: Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Erlangen, Germany, 2014

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▪  Bügler, M.; Dori, G.; Borrmann, A.:
Swap Based Process Schedule Optimization using Discrete-Event Simulation
In: Proc. of the International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, London, United Kingdom, 2013

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▪  Bügler, M.; Kargul, A.; Wimmer, J.; Horenburg, T.; Borrmann, A.; Günthner, W. A.:
FAUST - Fertigungssynchrone Ablaufsimulation von Unikatbaustellen im Spezialtiefbau
In: Proceedings of the second international BBB Congress, Darmstadt, Germany, 2013

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▪  Bügler, M.; Metzmacher, H.; Borrmann, A.; v. Treeck, C.:
Integrating Feedback from Image based 3D Reconstruction into Models of Excavation Processes for efficient Scheduling
In: Proc. of the EG-ICE Workshop on Intelligent Computing in Engineering, Vienna, Austria, 2013

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▪  Dori, G.; Borrmann, A.; Szczesny, K.; Hamm, M.; König, M.:
Combining forward and backward process simulation for generating and analysing construction schedules
In: Proc. of the 14th Int. Conf. on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, Moscow, Russia, 2012

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▪  Wimmer, J.; Horenburg, T.; Günthner, W. A.; Ji, Y.; Borrmann, A.:
Planning of Earthwork Processes Using Discrete Event Simulation
In: Bangsow, S. (Eds): Use Cases of Discrete Event Simulation - Appliance and Research, Springer, 2012

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▪  Dori, G.; Borrmann, A.:
Determination of float time for individual construction tasks using constraint-based discrete-event simulation
In: Proc. of the 2012 Winter Simulation Conference, Berlin, Germany, 2012

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